In order to understand different pain types, we need first to answer a simple question: What is Pain?
If we look for Pain’s definition we will find it associated with “a disgusting emotional, physical or sensory experience”, which every living being with a central nervous system can experiment.
So our central nervous system ‘alert’ us that something in our body is not well, and that is the function of Pain.
Let’s see the most common types of pain, and how they can affect our body and emotions.
Common Pain or Acute Pain
This is the most common case of Pain. It appears from an event or particular cause which is, most of the times, quickly discovered. This Pain does not last long. At most, it is considered to be an acute pain if it has a duration of maximum 2 or 3 weeks, depending on the cause of it.
We can ‘stop’ common pain with medicine, gels, pills, tablets or derivatives. As the pain is punctual, we try to stop feeling this with rapid action methods as the mentioned before.
Sometimes, an acute pain can turn into a chronic pain. These methods aren’t recommended if the pain is recurrent. If we have a recurring pain we must visit our doctor so we can get a treatment of specific meds to confront this pain.
Recurring Pain or Chronic Pain
This is a type of pain which is very important to pay much attention to it. This is different from Acute pain because this type of pain last for a long period of time, and may change completely your lifestyle. A chronic pain lasts for a long time or periods of time. In some cases, it can last weeks, months or even years.
This needs a treatment and periodical revision by a certified specialist, depending on the area of the body that suffer this pain and others variables.
Chronic Pain can be caused by an injury or an infection you had in the past, like for example sprains or bone breaks caused by an event, such as an accident or sports injury.
In other occasions, it appears from an ongoing illness or sufferings as back pain, arthritis, or other kinds of pain than elderly people often suffer.
Chronic pain isn’t always curable, but there are many types of treatment to help people not to suffer that much, as the listed below:
- Analgesics and other painkiller medications.
- Electric stimulation.
- Relaxation therapy/meditation.
In some cases, emotions and psychological disorders can worsen certain types of chronic pain. There are also treatments to prevent these cases and prevent the state of pain from worsening due to psychological causes of pain.
One of the psychological disorders that most affects chronic pain is depression.
Neuropathic Pain or Neurological Pain
This pain appears when nerve tissue suffers damage, for example, due to conditions such as diabetes or other types of diseases.
Depending on the cause, this damage can affect our central nervous system, our brain, and spinal cord, or peripheric nerves.
A typical pain from the peripheric nerves is that one which is called ‘Pain for ghost member’. This is caused due to an amputation, either surgical or accidental since the person experiences a sensation of “pain and tingling” in an amputated limb, and whose peripheral nerves were damaged.
The neurological pain that causes some injury that affects the central nervous system may be due to diseases such as multiple sclerosis, strokes or cerebral infarcts.
Psychological Pain or Psychogenic Pain
This type of pain is caused by psychological disorders are usually pains that do not match or correspond in physical form to the symptoms presented by the patient, or that there is no physical cause for the pain, but that it is produced due to a psychological picture of the patient.
Some of the most common types of Psychogenic Pain are:
- Back pains.
- Muscle pains.
- Stomach pains.
Also, the opposite may occur, that is, the pain appears because of a psychological disorder, such as depression, stress, anxiety, etc.
As we have seen, there are several types of pain and there are many causes that can produce them. This is why it’s important to take into account what may be the causes that produce our pain in order to find a way to prevent them or to consult a doctor to take appropriate treatment.